Proper fire fighting equipment is vital in the event of a fire.
There are many different types of fire fighting equipment in Australia that are readily available to the general public and trained professionals.
Their uses vary depending on the situation, environment, and intensity of the fire.
Learning the types of fire fighting equipment and proper usage could be integral to your safety and survival.
Fire Hose Reels
First, let’s talk about your standard fire hose reel.
These release a powerful stream of water and are often available in most buildings and establishments. Most hoses come with a standard nozzle and up between 36-50 metres of high-durability tubing that can easily be wound and unravelled in case of emergencies.
Proper care of your fire hose reel will have a large impact on the effectiveness of the equipment. Ensuring that it is well looked after can give you peace of mind that it will work correctly when required.
Some simple tips for maintaining your fire hose reel:
- Always depressurise the hose to prevent accidents and wearing
- Make sure to remove any tangles or twists in the tubing
- Completely drain the water
- Ensure your fire hose reel is regularly inspected and tested as per AS 1851
Hose reels are a first attack piece of fire equipment. If you feel the fire is getting out of control remove yourself immediately and call ‘000’.
More information on Fire Hose Reels can be found in our detailed article.
Generally, in most modern residential and commercial buildings, a fire hydrant system is located within the building or around its nearby vicinity.
These help a great deal when the fire has become out of control and in need of immediate action. This piece of fire fighting equipment is highly pressurised & should only be used by fire fighters or trained professionals.
Improper usage can cause injury and extensive property damage so is it essential that these are not tampered with.
All Fire hydrant systems must have a fire hydrant block plan installed to assist the fire brigade in fighting the fire.
Fire Sprinkler Systems
Automatic sprinkler systems coupled with standard fire alarm/detection systems are often the first form of fire fighting equipment in the event of a fire.
Practically all buildings and establishments are equipped with one or both of these types of fire fighting equipment as they can prevent most fires from even becoming a potential safety risk.
Fire sprinkler systems are common throughout industrial and commercial buildings, and are used to automatically detect, suppress and combat fires as well as notify the local Fire brigade.
There are several types of fire sprinkler systems commonly used throughout Australia:
- Wet Sprinkler Systems
- Dry sprinkler Systems
- Deluge Systems
- Pre-action Systems
You can find more information about different types of fire sprinkler systems here.
Fire extinguishers are often the first response to any fire.
Since they’re widely accessible and mostly portable, they’re one of the most important pieces of fire fighting equipment for all commercial and residential areas.
It is essential that the correct type of extinguisher is at hand in the event of a fire.
The most common types of fire extinguishers in Australia are as follows:
- Water – Water extinguishers can be mist or spray. These are primarily for Class A fires. Can be dangerous if used on electrical fires or cooking oils and fats.
- Foam – Foam extinguishers are used for Class A and B fires. Usually used for flammable liquids and combustible materials. Can be dangerous if used on electrical fires.
- Carbon Dioxide – Carbon dioxide CO2 extinguishers are most commonly used for Class E electrical fires. Limited effectiveness on Class A, B and C fires.
- Dry Chemical Powder ABE – Dry chemical ABE fire extinguishers are applicable for Class A, B, C and Class E electrical fires.
- Wet Chemical – Wet chemical extinguishers are used to extinguish class F fires caused from cooking fats or oils. Can also be used for Class A combustible material fires.
Knowing the proper label, classification and applicable environment can greatly increase the efficiency and efficacy of your fire extinguishers. Learn more about the different classes of fire in this informative article.
As far as cost-effective fire fighting equipment, fire blankets should be an essential to your home or workplace. Made from a fire-resistant material makes them ideal for Class F cooking fires or to wrap around an individual in the event their clothes catch fire.
Remember these following tips in the event of a kitchen fire:
- Place the fire blanket carefully over the fire to prevent flames from flaring out the sides
- Turn off the heat source and do not touch the blanket for at least 30 minutes
- Do not re-use fire blanket. These are single-use objects only.
- Fire blankets are not to be used on Class E electrical fires.
Check out our complete Fire Blanket guide here
Fire Fighting Equipment In Australia – In Summary
Fire fighting equipment is a staple for any commercial or residential building.
Knowing different applications and how to properly maintain and care for them can greatly increase safety for you and the occupants of the building.
Ensure the safety of your business and household properties. Buy your fire equipment today at lowest prices! Shop now or click the image below.